The Ultimate SEVENTEEN x NCT Fanchant

K-Pop fans are now thinking of future collab between Seventeen and NCT.

This kind of collab between the two groups is very special and funny. Special, since this involves 13 and 21 members respectively. Funny, since fans doing a combined fanchant would get exhausted with immense number of members. Or the fanchant would be longer than the actual songs.

Since some K-Pop fans are curious if this really happens, here’s a fanmade chant for all of us.

Take for instance, NCT Dream’s Boom: 

Chenle, Dino, DK, Doyoung, Haechan
Hendery, Hoshi, Jaehyun, Jaemin, Jeno
Jeonghan, Jisung, Johnny, Joshua
Jun, Jungwoo, Kun, Lucas

[Work]

Mark, Mingyu, Renjun, S.Coups
Seungkwan, Taeil, Taeyong, Ten
The8, Vernon, Winwin, Wonwoo
Woozi, Xiaojun, Yangyang, Yuta

Come on
Sumsorijochado eumakgateun stage (Let’s go!)
Naui ttambangureun negen heavy rain (Woo!)

Or that of SEVENTEEN’s Hit:

Let me drop the eumak!

Chenle, Dino, DK, Doyoung, Haechan
Hendery, Hoshi, Jaehyun, Jaemin, Jeno
Jeonghan, Jisung, Johnny, Joshua
Jun, Jungwoo, Kun, Lucas (Let me drop the eumak!)

Mark, Mingyu, Renjun, S.Coups
Seungkwan, Taeil, Taeyong, Ten

The8, Vernon, Winwin, Wonwoo
Woozi, Xiaojun, Yangyang, Yuta (Hit hit hit hit, hit sound!)

Saa!

K-Pop Annual Report 2019

At this point, we will start telling what happened to K-Pop this 2019, covering from January to November.


The events in K-Pop for the year 2019 is perfectly summed up in one phrase: Rookies and Scandals.

Positives

More positives happened this year. This includes creating a special celebrity challenge called Queendom. In this show, select girl groups are given tasks and are to experiment on different genres. This helped some underrated groups rise to fame, as is the case with AOA and Oh My Girl.

For the first time in K-Pop, SuperM was created out of different groups. The select members from EXO, SHINee, and NCT were combined to form a supergroup.

Enlistments are still ongoing, with Hongki, D.O., and Xiumin joining the corps. Meanwhile, some military discharges are happening like that of Super Junior and Bigbang.

This has been also the Year of the Rookies, with so many new groups debuting and garnering attention. Listed were Cherry Bullet, AB6IX, TXT, ITZY, VeriVery, BVNDIT, Hinapia, and others. For TXT, ITZY, and AB6IX, they bagged awards, got promotions, and endorsements in a short span of time.

Another positive aspect was on proactive approach of fandoms in various issues. With the power they have, fandoms are going to be less beholden to unresponsive agencies. Take the case of Monbebes, who are taking collective efforts for Wonho to return. They even launched a fundraising to install posters at Times Square. To a lesser extent, this is happening on Merries and Produce 101 fans.

On dating scandals, some succeeded in this hurdle, but many failed to go through. Famous success stories were on TWICE’s Jihyo and Kang Daniel, and Hyuna and Dawn. Failures include that of Jennie and Kai, and Daisy and Yunyeong.

Some pioneer groups are trying to go back to the K-Pop scene. This we see with Fin.K.L, Brown Eyed Girls, Ladies’ Code, and Super Junior with their respective comebacks.

Negatives

More sad news are surfacing in the industry. First is on disbandment, namely that of f(x), Wanna One, B.A.P., Myteen, Boyfriend, Hello Venus, and Pristin.

Second, but equally painful, was the scandals. Scandals that made major impact on K-Pop were on Seungri’s case and Sulli’s death. The Burning Sun, in which various artists were involved, later crippled YG Entertainment, even if Seungri and Yang Hyun Suk were kicked out.

Sulli’s death highlighted the dark side of K-Pop, primarily pressure from agencies and hate remarks from netizens. Her death prompted several stars to suspend or cancel various engagements as sign of respect.

More and more members are going to rest due to health reasons. This is the case with Choi Yoojung, Dino, Yanan, and Minari. If not on hiatus, they part ways mainly on career change, retirement, and scandals. Notable cases were on B.I., Woojin, Hwall, Laun, Kangin, AOA’s Mina, and Wonho.

This year characterized several hiatus with Momoland and Cherry Bullet. Both have two members on hold for unspecified reason. And as of this writing, their agencies are silent on this lingering problem.

The voting scandals of Produce series are now casting doubts, not only on future shows, but also on groups born in it (IZ*ONE and X1). There have been petitions to ban these groups from future engagements.

In the next article, we will discuss on the future of K-Pop ten years from now.


Featured Image Credit: KMania Channel

Notes and Reflections on Sulli’s Death

Dedicated to Sulli, her fans, and family.


성경에도 이렇게 기록되어 있습니다. “생명을 사랑하며 행복한 생활을 원하는 사람은 악한 말이나 거짓말을 해서는 된다.
베드로전서 3:10 (KLB)

The author created this site with primary aim to spread the fun and other side of the news. To this end, the author focused more on K-Pop, as it is a genre where many are enjoying it.

Sulli’s recent death exposed the dark side of K-Pop, that is, pressure and expectations from agencies, fans, and netizens. This mostly pose health hazards for many stars. Worst, this can lead to depression and death, as is the case with Jonghyun and the young girl.

As sign of respect to Sulli, the author made this site inactive for several days. Again and again, depression is no joke.

What if…

What if Sulli did not enter the K-Pop scene? To put it into perspective, let’s intertwine her life story with that of mine, since we are of the same age:

Sulli once revealed that she left for Seoul alone during her fourth grade. Six years later, she was once featured in a show, doing taste test. While she battles the hurdles of life, the author struggled on the loss of parent and on final moments as tenth grader.

She continued her college studies by attending one in her later years. This entailed her efforts to be just a simple college girl. At the same time, the author struggled for professional degree and in managing the actual work.

Afterwards, I would’ve traveled on that school, study again, and just ignore her even if her smile was so genuine. I would try to copy notes from her if our subjects are so hard. But eventually, as I learned that Sulli once dreamed to be a mother before she dies, I would’ve offered myself to fulfill her ultimate wish.

Summing up, her dreams are simple: Be a good student, and someday a mother. Now, her dreams vanished with some netizens killing her. I wonder now if haters had slept peacefully, as they succeeded in killing the young girl with their words.

Words can kill

Words can hurt and kill, and we must admit that we can’t avoid statements that hurt. If that’s the case then we have to issue apologies. But if done out of hatred, then we have a problem.

While nasty comments can actually help improve their performance, on the downside this can lead to depression, suicide, or worst, death.

Sulli’s death further affirmed two realities: (1) We only live once, and (2) life is fleeting. If we endlessly attack our fellow people and idols with malicious remarks, we not only waste our lives, but that of others too.

Effect on reviewers

This also gravely affected us reviewers, who tend to give brutal and frank assessments on performances. With her death, we have to rethink on the way we choose our words. If we have to be brutal and frank, we have to do these out of desire for improvement. But if we have to compliment them, we also have to do so.

The author tends to settle down and review write-ups before publishing. And if there’s a beef against anyone, there’s a justifiable reason, and is not usually repeating it (unless necessary). Because they will anyway face consequences of their wrong actions (Galatians 6:7). It’s senseless and a waste of time if I always hate any group, agency, and/or fandom.

Usually, the negatives on author’s reviews would be on horror, astrology, lack of excitement of music, difficult dances, and lack of storyline. Other than that, negative reviews on artists are rare.

Enjoy without hate

Now, peoples’ attitudes are going worse, for instance with Han Seohee over Monsta X’s Wonho. Even with Sulli’s death, some netizens still do not learn their lesson. It’s not actually surprising, as they are going to be:

“unloving, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, brutal, despisers of good”
– 2 Timothy 3:3 (NKJV)

In Korean:

“사랑이 없고 용서하지 않고 남을 헐뜯고 자제하지 못하며 사납고 선한 것을 싫어하고”
– 디모데후서 3:3 (KLB)

These attitudes gone worse, and it spilled to K-Pop. It reached the point where Sulli have to carry all these insensible hate remarks. Same goes to other stars like Suga and Jihyo.

Enjoying K-Pop without the hate remarks is still possible. We made it during 2NE1, Wonder Girls, Super Junior, and Big Bang eras. Back then when K-Pop was young, fanwars and “hate comments” exist, but fans do these out of fun. In the end, fans get along with each other.

But look at us now. Fanwars and toxic comments are everywhere, and are getting worse. These came to a point where one have to die, to let us realize what went wrong.

With success of K-Pop today, the industry must undergo changes for the better. K-Pop as whole should then consider managing artists and fans to prevent another disaster from happening again.

What to do?

It’s sad to think that actions are taken only when Sulli died. Hope that the actions to resolve this would not be futile.

Agencies and fans share the burden of protecting the remaining artists. For agencies, this includes programs to help them cope up, and pressing charges against malicious commenters. It is in the same principle that we will rate agencies at year-end.

For fans, we have to protect and defend our favorites against attackers in the best way possible. It’s better if we send our artists some messages to cheer them up, or praise them for good work. If we take our part, then K-Pop is on a best path.

For “He who would love life, and see good days,
Let him refrain his tongue from evil,
And his lips from speaking deceit.”
– 1 Peter 3:10 (NKJV)

Love Advice No. 108 (GFRIEND and Honey Popcorn)

Missing out on my love advices? Well, here we go again!

For the first time, we are giving love advice to our fellow K-Pop reviewer. This is all about a guy, who upon being frustrated with GFRIEND, stumbled on another group called Honey Popcorn. As I am scanning MV Reviews of various artists, plus comments, I can’t help but be amused at his love predicament, which we will show later.

This is a way of helping fellow commenters as they’re undergoing various problems. And by the way, as you read it, this is just for fun, so never take these things seriously. This is not really a contest between two groups, but I do hope that you will learn some lessons here. Let’s start!

From a commenter in TheBiasList:

As you know, my GFRIEND and I are currently going through a trial separation. During this time, I met Honey Popcorn. She’s different from all the others. My friends are trying to convince me not to like her. They say she’s from a different neighborhood and she has a questionable past. I don’t care about that. I only know how I feel when I see and hear her.

Though we’ve only shared a couple of moments together, I feel that there’s a future for us. I want her to stay. I want my friends to realize she’s a real person with something to offer the world. Please stay, Honey Popcorn. Let us walk the flower path together.

Prior to that:

My GFRIEND and I are going to be spending some time apart during this release [of “Fever”].

My Advice:

Stick with GFRIEND.

As I see it, you and GFRIEND are on this trial stage. Your problem with GFRIEND is just temporary. Don’t feel bad about it. It’s just normal that all of us, like her, undergo some trials like this one.

I recommend that you stick with first love than find somewhere else. This is not a question of being purer among the two, but a question of commitment. In times of trials like this one, how willing are you to stick with her till the end? What if next time, she might make it up for all times she missed?

Now, what if Honey Popcorn later on made something you don’t like? Getting to know another girl again? Another scenario: Let’s say that your feelings with GFRIEND rebounded. More likely, she lost virtually all her love for you. Double brokenhearted for sure. Then, where will you go?

Plan B

If you eventually decide to leave GFRIEND in favor of Honey, some things must be remembered:

There’s a strong need for both of you to know each other. I’m afraid to admit that time will expose some of the problems that will be encountered on your new relationship, just like what you experienced in the past. Just look at Goo Hye Sun and Ahn Jae Hyun.

You just have to take more time. Take it easy. Time will tell if there will be a future for both of you, since we alone can’t tell the future.

Finally, you have to help Honey Popcorn redeem herself. Since as you say, she has a questionable past. Knowing more about her also helps you decide on giving her new look and character. Considering that neighbors already know her personality and attitude, she can’t redeem herself alone. Again, help her. This shows that you really care for her in her trials.

Taxation Straight Problem No. 11 (Goo Hye Sun and Ahn Jae Hyun)

Dahil malapit na rin ang October 2018 CPA Board Exam, may mga ginawa nang problems ang may-akda. Take time to analyze these. Malaking tulong ito para sa inyo, lalo na’t more on situational questions na ang board exam.

This time, we will touch again on another topic related to Estate Taxation. Solve this problem:


Goo Hye Sun is seeking payment from her estranged husband, Ahn Jae Hyun. As the latter filed for divorce, she requested the house as payment for most of expenses she incurred during marriage.

According to Koreaboo:

This house in question is one of the largest suites in an apartment complex in Geumho-dong, Seoul where Ahn Jae Hyun already lived prior to the wedding. It is known to have been purchased in 2016, at 700 million KRW [PHP 16 million] in full cash, by Ahn Jae Hyun.

Assume that the apartment was rented out for one year at PHP 160,000 a month, after they married.

Jae Hyun is now seeking clarifications from you if Goo Hye Sun’s statement holds true.

Use Peso amounts in solving this problem.

Discussion Questions:

  1. Classify the apartment, and apportion amounts according to property regime. Use this table:
Property Regime Conjugal Partnership of Gains Absolute Community of Property
AHN JAE HYUN
Exclusive
·         Apartment
·         Rent Income
GOO HYE SUN
Exclusive
·         Apartment
·         Rent Income
 
Conjugal
·         Apartment
·         Rent Income

Solution: 

Property Regime Conjugal Partnership of Gains Absolute Community of Property
     
AHN JAE HYUN    
Exclusive    
·         Apartment 16,000,000.00
·         Rent Income
     
GOO HYE SUN    
Exclusive    
·         Apartment
·         Rent Income
     
Conjugal    
·         Apartment 16,000,000.00
·         Rent Income 80,000.00 80,000.00
  1. Using the assumption, determine the Real Property Tax to be paid by Ahn Jae Hyun. According also to said article, the fair market value is about 1.5 billion KRW (PHP 34.48 million). Assume also that Assessment Level = 20% and that 1% of total assessed value is levied as RPT.

Computation: PHP 34.48 million x 20% x 1% = PHP 68,960.00

  1. Compute for the output tax to be paid by Ahn Jae Hyun on rental of his house.

None. Even if monthly rent exceeds PHP 15,000.00 monthly rental limit required for VAT exemption, taken yearly it does not exceed PHP 3 million annual threshold required for VAT imposition. Computation: PHP 160,000.00/month x 12 months = PHP 1,920,000.00.

Solutions are indicated in white text. Only select it after answering these questions.


Taxation problem created by: TweetNewscaster. Featured Image Credit from Koreaboo.

Himig Handog 2019: MV Reviews and Assessment

Pag-uusapan natin sa artikulong ito kung ano ang dapat pang paghusayan ng Himig Handog sa mga susunod na taon.


Ngayong tapos na nating suriin ang lahat ng mga kanta ng Himig Handog, ating pag-usapan ang tungkol sa kabuuan ng musika na ginamit ngayon.

Marami sa mga awit ang binigyan ko ng mataas na marka. Ito ay dahil sa visuals na ginamit, at kinonsidera natin ang konteksto ng mga awit. Mas mataas pa nga kung tutuusin, dahil maluwag ako pagdating sa ganyang klase. Pero may mga bagay na dapat pang paghusayan. Atin itong gagawin para sa ikagaganda ng musikang Pinoy.

Personally, pinakagusto ko sa mga kanta ng Himig ay ang Mabagal nina Daniel at Moira, at ang Nung Tayo Pa ni Janella Salvador.

Improvements

Kung mapapansin ninyo, kakaunti lang ang nasasabi sa mga MV reviews. Ito ay dahil may mga kulang sa aspetong ito.

Sinasalamin ng musika kung ano tayo. Kung masayahin tayo, bakit kakaunti lang ang masasayang kanta? Bakit ba lagi itong tumatalakay sa sugatang puso?

Nakakamiss ang mga ganyang tipo sa Himig Handog noon, tulad ng Kahit Na ni Toni Gonzaga, Nasa Iyo Na Ang Lahat ni DJ, at Walang Basagan ng Trip ni Jugs at Teddy.

Isa pang bagay na kulang ay ang dagdag na special effects, na dapat sana’y magbibigay ng dagdag aliw at panlasa sa MV.

Bukod sa mga kinasanayang kuwento, ano pang bago at mas exciting na ibibigay pa sa atin? Bukod sa Please Lang ni Alex Gonzaga, na binigyan ng kakaibang rendisyon ang mga dating pelikula (SDTG, One More Chance).

Dito na papasok ang brainstorming ng mga konsepto, na magbibigay rin ng dagdag bentahe para sa Himig Handog. Dito sila makakabuo ng bagong istorya at magdagdag ng special effects.

Panghuli ay ang pagdagdag ng mga nakakatawang eksena, gaya ng Nung Tayo Pa at Please Lang. Ito sana ang magpapagaan ng mood ng mga manonood.

Next projects?

Sa mga susunod na kanta, dapat maghain sila ng mas exciting na tugtugin. Ito ang magbibigay ng gana at interes sa iba na lalong pakinggan ang ating himig.

Isa pang bagay: Hindi lang ito dapat ginagawa minsan sa isang taon. Kung tutuusin, dapat ito ay laging ginagawa. Bakit hindi gawin ito quarterly, o monthly? Dahil hindi tayo mauubusan ng mga kompositor na handang magbigay ng awit sa atin.

Sa panahon ngayon na matindi ang kompetisyon sa musika, kailangan din nating makipagsabayan. Kung maari, gayahin ang sistema na ginagamit sa ibang bansa. Walang masama doon. Doon tayo matututo sa kanila, at magagamit para mapahusay ang ating musika.

Vanya Castor – Paano Ba: MV Review

Pagkatapos nito, sisimulan na natin ang pagsusuri sa Himig Handog ngayong 2019. Doon natin pag-uusapan kung ano ang dapat pang paghusayan ng Himig Handog sa mga susunod na taon.


Sa ating huling pagsusuri sa mga kanta ng Himig Handog, ating talakayin ang interpretasyon ng Paano Ba ni Vanya Castor.

Umiikot ang kuwento sa isang babae, na naglalakbay sa isang campus. Doon niya nakilala ang lalaki, na inilaan ang moments kasama siya. Sa kasong ito, nalilito na siya kung ipaglalaban ang damdamin o hindi. Paano ba dapat siyang kalimutan?

Pagsusuri

Ipinapaalala ng MV ang reyalidad na hindi basta-basta makakalimutan ang isang tao na minsang nagpatibok ng puso. Samantala, malaking tulong ang pagtugtog ng piano sa 2:33 – 2:44. Sana makonsidera ng mga manonood ang piano bilang dagdag na libangan.

Sa visuals, humihiram ang MV ng konsepto ng interpretative dance mula kay Justin Vasquez. Pagdating sa musika, mapapansin na laging ginagamit ang percussion instruments, pati ang gitara. Nagustuhan ko ang sparkling tune ng gitara, na maririnig sa 3:50 – 3:54.

Sa build-up ng awit, nakulangan ako sa ending ng kanta. Kulang ito ng mahinang tinig, na magsasabi na ito na ang wakas ng awit.

TweetNewscaster’s Overall Rating: 90.00%
Grade: A-
Assessment: Very Good

Scoreboard

Aspect   Criterion Points
Storyline 1 May kuwento 5
Storyline 2 May temang sinusunod 4
Appearance 3 Makulay/inilalahad ng kulay ang emosyon 4
Appearance 4 Magandang panoorin 5
Appearance 5 Walang Haloween, Easter, atbp. 5
Appearance 6 Walang bakas ng astrolohiya 5
Appearance 7 Di masyadong nakakatakot 5
Appearance 8 Di masyadong lantad na kasuotan 5
Music 9 Kapana-panabik/Nagsasaad ng emosyon 4
Music 10 Di lubhang nakakabingi 5
Dance 11 Madaling matutunan ng mga bagito  
Dance 12 Hindi masyadong mahalay  
Lessons 13 Malinaw ang aral 4
Lessons 14 May pakinabang dito ang mga manonood 5
Other Matters 15 May komedya/May emosyon 7
Other Matters 16 Patugtugin sa TV at/o radio 5
Other Matters 17 Review ng ibang website  
Other Matters 18 Pagsusuri ng MV sa kabuuan 4
Other Matters 19    

TJ Monterde – Panandalian: MV Review

Sa ikalabing-isang pagsusuri sa mga awitin ng Himig Handog 2019, ating pag-usapan ang Panandalian, na binigyang-buhay ni TJ Monterde.

Ikinukuwento ang buhay ng isang migrante, na pag-uwi ay pinanood ang mga VHS. Sa simula ay masaya siya, at pagkatapos ay lulungkot pagsapit ng Pasko. Aabot sa punto na siya’y iiyak hanggang sa maabot ang sira-sirang VHS at aalis na ng bahay.

Pagsusuri

Ipinapaala ng awit ang reyalidad na panandalian ang mga bagay, pati ang pag-ibig. Pero maiiwan pa rin ang mga alaala na maaring balikan. Malaking tulong ang pag-feature sa VHS sa simula ng MV, dahil marami na ang tila nakakalimot kung paano ito ginagamit. Magugunita nito kung ano ang mga libangan noon bago nauso ang mga gadgets na alam natin ngayon.

Simple lamang ang instrumentals na ginamit, na mala-gitara ang tono nito.

Pagdating sa visuals, ipinakita ng VHS ang ilang kabanata ng buhay kasama ang dalaga. Sinasagisag ng VHS na walang pamagat ang isang kabanata na dapat kalimutan – ang awayan at tampuhan. Doble naman ang kahulugan ng VHS na nasira ang spool: (1) di-magandang kabanata na di na dapat i-play, at (2) natapos na relasyon.

TweetNewscaster’s Overall Rating: 92.50%
Grade: A-
Assessment: Very Good

Scoreboard

Aspect   Criterion Points
Storyline 1 May kuwento 5
Storyline 2 May temang sinusunod 5
Appearance 3 Makulay/inilalahad ng kulay ang emosyon 4
Appearance 4 Magandang panoorin 5
Appearance 5 Walang Haloween, Easter, atbp. 5
Appearance 6 Walang bakas ng astrolohiya 5
Appearance 7 Di masyadong nakakatakot 5
Appearance 8 Di masyadong lantad na kasuotan 5
Music 9 Kapana-panabik/Nagsasaad ng emosyon 4
Music 10 Di lubhang nakakabingi 5
Dance 11 Madaling matutunan ng mga bagito  
Dance 12 Hindi masyadong mahalay  
Lessons 13 Malinaw ang aral 4
Lessons 14 May pakinabang dito ang mga manonood 5
Other Matters 15 May komedya/May emosyon 8
Other Matters 16 Patugtugin sa TV at/o radio 5
Other Matters 17 Review ng ibang website  
Other Matters 18 Pagsusuri ng MV sa kabuuan 4
Other Matters 19    

Justin Vasquez – Isa Pang Ikaw: MV Review

Ikasampung pagsusuri natin ito ng isa pang obra ng Himig Handog 2019. Ngayon ay ating pag-usapan ang Isa Pang Ikaw ni Justin Vasquez.

Isinalaysay ng MV ang isang lalaki na haharap sa stage at ikukuwento ang tungkol sa dalawang minsang nagsama. Dito na uupo ang lalaking pinatutungkulan, na inaalala ang masasayang sandali sa backstage. Malungkot ang naging wakas ng kuwento nang umalis ang babae, at walang nagawa upang mapigilan siya.

Pagsusuri

Ipinapaalala ng kuwento na merong isang tao na natatangi sa ating puso. Kapag nawala siya, saan pa hahanapin ang isa pang katulad niya? Samantala, maigi na pini-feature ang teatro, pati ang interpretative dance. Maari itong matutunan ng mga bata, at sana marami ang magkainteres na umarte sa teatro.

Laman ng musika ang mabagal, at mala-violin na tono, nagbibigay ng dagdag na lungkot sa MV. Lalo itong mapapakinggan sa interlude, kung saan umiigting ang kuwento.

TweetNewscaster’s Overall Rating: 88.75%
Grade: B+
Assessment: Good

Scoreboard

Aspect   Criterion Points
Storyline 1 May kuwento 4
Storyline 2 May temang sinusunod 4
Appearance 3 Makulay/inilalahad ng kulay ang emosyon 5
Appearance 4 Magandang panoorin 5
Appearance 5 Walang Haloween, Easter, atbp. 5
Appearance 6 Walang bakas ng astrolohiya 5
Appearance 7 Di masyadong nakakatakot 5
Appearance 8 Di masyadong lantad na kasuotan 5
Music 9 Kapana-panabik/Nagsasaad ng emosyon 5
Music 10 Di lubhang nakakabingi 4
Dance 11 Madaling matutunan ng mga bagito  
Dance 12 Hindi masyadong mahalay  
Lessons 13 Malinaw ang aral 4
Lessons 14 May pakinabang dito ang mga manonood 4
Other Matters 15 May komedya/May emosyon 7
Other Matters 16 Patugtugin sa TV at/o radio 5
Other Matters 17 Review ng ibang website  
Other Matters 18 Pagsusuri ng MV sa kabuuan 4
Other Matters 19